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Posts tagged ‘Sigil’

From final version to e-book

Last week, we discussed formatting your manuscript. As I said then, you can set your formatting from rough draft on or do it after you’ve finished all your edits. I tend to do it from the beginning because I’m lazy and don’t want to have to go back and change formatting before starting the conversion process. But that’s just me because I’m lazy and don’t want to format something what would effectively be three times (draft, final for e-book and final for print). Twice is more than enough for me.

So, now you are ready to convert for e-book publication. (Print will come next week). I’m going to assume you’ve finished your final round of edits and have set up your formatting to what you think will look good. For the purposes of this post, I’m going to assume that you are going to direct upload to Amazon and either direct upload or use an aggregator like Smashwords or Draft2Digital to upload to Barnes & Noble and other outlets.

Before starting the conversion process, do one final check of your manuscript. Click on the Show/Hide icon (it looks like the copy editing symbol for paragraph). That will show you every tab, return, space, etc. in your document. Make sure you have no tabs or soft returns. If you do have a tab, delete it and use the first line indent option in your paragraph formatting box. For soft returns (which happen when you hold down “shift” and then hit “enter”, they can be problematic in converting, so delete them and replace with a standard return. Also, if you are publishing through Smashwords, do not have more then three consecutive “returns”. The meatgrinder reads multiple returns — I think four or more — as a page break.

One final formatting note before we get to converting. If you, like me, learned to type back in the dark ages, you learned to put two spaces after a period, question mark, colon, etc. Don’t. The new standard is a single space. You can change this by simply doing a search and replace.

Now, here’s the question everyone seems to ask. What programs do you need to convert your manuscript for upload to Amazon and the other e-tailers. Honestly, all you really need is your word processing program. Amazon and most of the other e-tailers allow for upload of a DOC file and then they will convert it for you. If you check the FAQs for the different platforms you are uploading to, you will find a list of formats they accept for conversion. For example, Amazon will accept the following formats: DOC, HTML, MOBI, ePUB, RTF, TXT and PDF. For the love of Pete, do NOT use PDF. You will have nothing but headaches trying to get a good MOBI file from a PDF. For an example of how Amazon views the different upload options, check here.

(Amazon’s format for its readers is MOBI or AZW. B&N, Apple, Kobo, etc use ePub.)

If you upload a DOC file, be sure to follow the formatting instructions for each of the different platforms. For an example of Amazon’s instructions on how to format your DOC file for successful conversion, go here. It doesn’t really offer you much guidance but if you follow the formatting guidelines I posted last week, you will be ahead of the game. This is also where I will warn you that if you are uploading to Smashwords, all bets are off. They have their own formatting requirements that basically toss out a lot of the time saving procedures we used last week. Instead of using the Styles menu for your headings (like chapter headings), there are other steps you have to take if you want to have an active table of contents. You have to either manually place bookmarks and hyperlinks in your manuscript or your have to start every chapter title with “chapter”. (IIRC, I hate Smashwords so I don’t use it unless I have to. Check their style guide for the latest information.)

This is where I tell you that I like seeing how my book will look in the format it will be sold in before I upload it. I also believe that there is less of a chance of conversion issues if you upload a MOBI file for Amazon and an ePUB for the other outlets. I know lots of folks who have no problem uploading HTML or DOC files, but this has been the process that works for me. So how do I do it?

The programs I use in my conversion process are Word, Atlantis and Calibre. I have Sigil on standby in case I need to tweak the ePub file. Here’s the step-by-step I follow:

  • Save my final version of my manuscript in DOC format,
  • Open it in Atlantis and save as a new DOC file. (The reason for this is that Atlantis will strip out a lot of the offending MS Code that can sometimes interfere with a clean conversion). Atlantis is a paid program but is relatively inexpensive. I don’t write in it but it was worth the $40 or so I paid to help cut out some of th headaches I ran into when a file went between several different computers and word processing programs. You can find out more about Atlantis here.
  • Still using Atlantis, you will click on File -> Save Special ->Save as Ebook. This will export your DOC file as an ePUB file. It will also open up a new dialog box where you will add your product description, author, key words, rights, etc. It will also allow you to embed your cover image and tag it as cover. So, be sure to have the Amazon KDP tag page open so you can make sure you are maximizing your exposure on Amazon by using the right tags.
  • Once you have your ePUB file, open it in either Adobe Digital Editions or another ePUB program. Do not use emulators because they will not always show you an accurate version of your file. You are looking for several things here. You want to make sure your active table of contents works and takes you to the right “page” in your e-book. You also want to make sure your e-books looks the way you want it to. Do your chapters all start on new pages? Is your formatting consistent? Are your first line indents too wide or not wide enough? This is your chance to tweak your e-book before uploading it and putting it on sale. It is a pain but look at every page and make sure all your links are there.
  • If you see any problems with your e-book that are basic “coding” problems or minor content problems — ie, you saw a spelling error while checking formatting — the easiest way to deal with it is to open your ePUB file in Sigil. I like Sigil because I can edit the underlying HTML code or do minor text editing without any problem. (Note, you can skip the Atlantis step if you save your DOC file as an HTML-filtered file and import it into Sigil.)
  • Once your ePUB file looks the way you want it to, you are set to upload to B&N, Apple and KOBO. You can also upload an ePUB file to Smashwords. However, the caveat is that you will only be able to sell ePUB versions of your title on Smashwords and at elsewhere if you choose to use their “expanded catalog”. You can also upload the ePUB to Amazon for conversion to MOBI.
  • However, to be sure you are not going to run into conversion problems, go ahead and convert your ePUB file to MOBI for upload to Amazon. That will let you see just how your book will look before you upload it. You can do this using Calibre. This has the added benefit of letting you make sure your tags and other baseline information is accurately saved into the underlying HTML of your e-book. Calibre will also let you tag your book as part of a series and put in the edition number if needed. And, just as you did with the ePUB, once your have your MOBI file, check it with a native MOBI reader like Kindle for PC or by checking it on your Kindle or Kindle Fire. Once satisfied, you are ready to upload this file to Amazon.

It sounds like a lot but it really isn’t. I can do the entire conversion process in a matter of minutes — excluding the time taken to check the files to make sure I like the converted product.

As with most everything in writing, there is no one “right” way to convert your book. Just be glad the days of having to hand code the HTML are long past. Find what works for you.

One last comment. The key to making e-books is to make them look as much like a “real” book as possible. So look at printed books and see what makes them attractive. Look at other e-books and see what you like and don’t like about them when it comes to layout and formatting. And keep notes. If you are writing a series, you want the e-books to have the same “feel” or “look” from one volume to another. Fortunately, it is now easy to change that as needed.

Next up will be the parts of an e-book. What do you need to make sure you have in your file before you upload it. We’ll also talk about setting up your accounts with the various outlets and whether or not you should use an aggregator and which one should you choose.

Digital Sunday

Next week, we’ll begin the Pacing Workshop, lead by Sarah but assisted by some of the rest of us. In the meantime, I’m supposed to find something to blog about today. The only problem is that my brain has gone on vacation. It’s mean that way. You see, it does this to me sometimes, leaving my body behind to do mundane things like clean the house while it lazes on a beach somewhere. It really isn’t fair. So, today’s post is going to be a mirror of latest installment in the digital publication workshop I’ve been conducting elsewhere. This installment is on how to publish to Amazon’s KDP platform.

Comments are always welcome. If you’d like more information about the workshop, leave a comment below.

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No matter how you feel about Amazon, this is a platform you can’t ignore. You can publish on it using Smashwords — and, as I suggested with PubIt, you might want to compare your sales of short stories (or anything priced under $2.99) via the Smashwords premium catalog with sales directly through Amazon to see where you get the most money for your time investment — or you can go straight to Amazon through the KDP platform.

Let’s start with the actual creation of a KDP account and the upload process. We’ll discuss how to prepare a file to be uploaded below.

Go to the KDP site. You can use your already existing Amazon account to sign in or you can set up a new account. If you are publishing under a DBA or pen name, I recommend setting up a new account under the DBA/pen name. My reason for this is simple: if you want to comment on the Amazon boards, any of the Amazon boards, under your professional persona, you will have the account set up.

Click “Sign up” under “don’t have an Amazon account”. On the next page, input the email address you want associated with your KDP account and then select “I am a new customer”. Now click the “sign in with our secure server” button. On the next page, fill in your name and select your password. Click “create account”.

When you are taken to the next page, you will first see a pop-up with the Terms of Service for KDP. Read them, read them again and then read them again. Once you are comfortable accepting them, click “Agree”. Repeat with the Terms of Service for Amazon European Union websites. You are now on your bookshelf page. You should see a yellow box at the top right of the page warning that your account information is incomplete. There is a link in the box you can click to take you to the next page where you can start entering the necessary information. Click “update now”.

Basically now, it is simply filling in the information. You will need the appropriate banking information as well as your taxpayer ID number (this can be your social security number, your DBAs EIN, etc). You can choose whether to receive your royalties via direct deposit or paper check. My advice, set up your banking information, including account number and routing number and accept payment via direct deposit. You will be paid quicker this way because you aren’t waiting for the mail and because you are paid via direct deposit once you earn $10 in royalties. You will not be paid via check until you have earned $100 in royalties (or pounds/euros).

Please, double and triple check your routing and account numbers to be sure they are entered correctly. You will save yourself some headaches that way.

Also be sure to tell them if you are wanting your funds from overseas sales sent to you in dollars or pounds/euros. For your own ease of accounting, choose dollars. Note that if you are receiving payment via check, you will receive your payments in the currency of the point of sale.

Once you have set up your account information click “save”. Once you get the message that your account has been set up, you can click “bookshelf” at the top of the page and go back to that page you were first taken to when you signed in.

To add a book or short story to your bookshelf, click “add new title”.  You will be taken to a new page, the first of two you have to fill out for you submission.

This first page is your details page. This is where you will enter the title, enter series information if the title is part of a series, description or blurb, language, ISBN (not required), publisher and date of publication.

Confirm that the title is not public domain (assuming you are only putting up your own work). Click “add categories” and select from the list that pops up. This is as important as your key words that you will enter next to help readers find your book or short story when they do a search for a particular genre or key word.

Next up is uploading your book cover. To review Amazon’s requirements, you can go here. Basically, your image needs to be in JPEG/JPG or TIFF format and a minimum of 1000 pixels long on the longest side. The ideal height/width ratio is 1.6 and Amazon recommends a length of 2,500 pixels on the longest side.

Click “browse for image”, find it on your computer and then click upload. Preview your image in the preview window on the KDP page. If you are satisfied, move on. Otherwise, make any edits or changes you need to make and then repeat.

Next up is the uploading of your novel or short story. First you have to choose whether or not you want to apply DRM. Then you will browse for the file to upload and upload it. Once it is uploaded, you can preview it in the Kindle emulator on the page — do so. It gives you a good idea of how your title will appear in e-ink format. But you can also download the mobi file and preview it in your Kindle app or on your Kindle. Please, please, please, do this because it will let you see if your links work and will let you see that your active table of contents is present. If there are any problems, go back and fix them and then re-upload your file.

File formats that you can upload are: DOC, DOCX, EPUB, MOBI, RTF, HTML, PDF and TXT. My recommendation is that you upload a MOBI file since this is the format the Kindle reads and you will face fewer conversion errors this way. My next preference for upload is EPUB. But absolutely, positively do not use a PDF upload file.

No matter what file you use to upload, be sure to check every page in the MOBI file you can download. I’m speaking from personal experience here. I was uploading a file last night for a client and had to change it three times because it would not properly upload the linked tabled of contents at the beginning of the book. It didn’t matter that the ToC worked in the MOBI or EPUB files I tried uploading. There was some glitch in the system that made it not work in the Amazon file. So I finally just took the ToC out, let my client know and promised to try again later. And no, I’ve never had this issue before.

Once you are satisfied with the file you’ve uploaded, click “save and continue”. You will be taken to the second page, the Rights and Pricing page.

Decide where you want Amazon to sell your e-book. Your default should be “worldwide rights – all territories”. Unless you’ve sold your e-book somewhere, then you should click this. After all, you want your e-book out there with the widest market available. However, if you want to limit where it is sold, click “individual territories” and then choose where you want it sold.

Next up is where you choose your royalties. Basic rule of thumb is that if your e-book is priced from $0.99 to $2.98, your royalty rate will be 35%. For titles priced $2.99 and up, you will receive 70% royalty (less a minimal fee for transferring it to the customer. This is usually just a few cents per sale).

Enter your price under “list price” and next to “amazon.com” and it will compute for you what your estimated royalty will be per royalty level.

In each row beneath the “amazon.com” price listing, choose whether you want the Amazon UK, etc., prices automatically based on the US price or not. If you choose not to, then you will set prices in those stores as well.

As with PubIt, KDP pays 60 days after the close of the month of sales, as long as you have the magic number of $10 in royalties if you are being paid via direct deposit, $100 if you are being paid by check.

Kindle book lending will automatically be active.

Once you click that you confirm you have the right to publish this book, and then click “save and publish”, your e-book will be submitted. It usually takes a day or so for the title to show up on Amazon. Don’t panic if the book shows up with pricing, etc., but no description for the first day. That happens sometimes but will be automatically corrected.

When you go back to your bookshelf, the title you just uploaded will be grayed out until it the e-book is “live”. Once it is live, you can edit any information you might need to — including updating the description if you misspelled something, etc.

Once your e-book is live, there is one thing you must do, in my opinion, to help yourself. Go to Amazon’s Author Central page. If you don’t have an Amazon account set up for your author name, do so now. Then sign into Author Central using that Amazon account. I’m not going to go into a lot of detail here, because I’ll touch on Author Central later, but read the intro page and then go to the Books tab. Click the “add more books” button and search for the e-book you want to add. When you find the cover for it in the window that pops up, click “This is my book”. If there is a problem with your selection, Amazon will tell you then and there — ie, if you are an author in an anthology and not listed by the publisher on the detail page, then you can’t add the book.

Author Central is important because it allows you to give the reader information about yourself, can be used to mirror your blogs and tweets and can show the reader your other work available through Amazon. Since it is free, use it. (This is why some author’s names are hyperlinked on a book’s page and some aren’t.)

The next thing to consider with Amazon KDP is if you want to go into the KDP Select Program. There are goods and bads about the program. The bad is that you can’t sell or give away your e-book anywhere else during the 90 days that you are in the program (and you will be automatically renewed in the program if you don’t opt out). So that does decrease your market presence.

The good about the program is two-fold. First, this is the only way you can easily take your e-book for free on Amazon. Every 90 days you are allowed to offer your e-book for free. You can split the days up or run them all together. As long as you make sure there are at least 31 days (61 days for other sites) between different free offerings of the same title, you will be listed on sites such as E-Reader IQ as a freebie. You can check out exactly what the different site requirements are. Better yet, you don’t have to do anything to get your e-book listed on E-Reader IQ or several other sites. For an idea of some of the sites available, simply go to the kindle discussion boards at Amazon.com.

These listings and the discussion that can start on the Kindle boards about your books is free promotion. Yes, each free download is money you aren’t earning, but you have to ask yourself if you’d have earned that money anyway. But there are some consequences from the free downloads that a lot of the naysayers about the program don’t consider. The first is that you will get reviews. Reviews, especially good ones that aren’t obvious sock-puppet reviews will bring in more readers. Second, it does create word of mouth and word of mouth drives sales. This pushes your e-book up the different ranking lists on Amazon and that, in turn, will drive sales.

But there is something else KDP Select offers that helps. Amazon Prime members can borrow books offered for free. You get paid for these “loaners”. Each month Amazon sets up a fund for just this purpose. What I’ve seen so far is that the payment for the loans will be much more than you’d earn as royalties for anything in the 35% royalty range. While it might not be as much as you’d make under the 70% royalty option, don’t let that keep you from using it. What Amazon is seeing is that a lot of the Prime members who borrow a book turn around and then buy it when they turn the book back in. So, you have the potential of being paid twice for that e-book. Not bad.

For more information about KDP Select, click on the KDP Select tab at the top of the page in your bookshelf.

The reports tab will take you to a page you need to be familiar with, but a page that can drive you crazy if you obsess. This is the page where you can see your up-to-date sales, sales for the prior six months and your prior months’ royalties. It is very, very important that when you receive your royalty statements from Amazon, you check these. Please note that when you go to one of the report pages, you will automatically be taken to the Amazon.com sales. But you can use the drop box to choose to see reports from Amazon UK, Amazon DE (Germany), Amazon FR (France), Amazon ES (Spain) and Amazon IT (Italy).

The community tab will take you to the KDP discussion boards where you can ask any questions you have, talk about what you are doing, etc. This is a good resource, especially if you are having formatting problems.

What file format should you upload?

As noted above, you have a wide variety of formats you can upload. My recommendation, however, is to upload a MOBI file for the simple reason that you will run into fewer conversion problems that way. So, how do you get a MOBI file?

There are two basic programs most folks use. The first is Mobipocket Creator. This is a good, but not great, program imo.

The second, and the program that I use, is Calibre. Like Mobipocket Creator, it is a free program. Unlike Mobipocket Creator, it is frequently updated. Once installed, open the program. The first time through, you will be asked a few questions about how you want Calibre to respond. This is mainly because Calibre is an ebook management system. However, it is also a pretty damned good conversion program.

Click on “Add books” and find the EPUB file you created using Sigil and click “open”. If you look at the bottom right corner, you will see the whirly wheel. That’s your clue that the file is being imported. Once done, highlight the book, click the “edit metadata” icon above and make sure the metadata is how you want it. Be sure to save an changes you make.

Now you are ready to convert to MOBI. Click on the book title again. Now click on the “convert books” icon above. A new window will open. In the upper right corner is a drop box labelled “output format”. Select MOBI. Click “okay”. Wait for the conversion to take place.

Once the book is converted, you can check it using the MOBI emulator built into the program. My recommendation is that you check it, page by page, either on your Kindle or in your Kindle App. You will find the file (for windows at least) in Calibre Library in your My Documents file, unless you specified a different path at install. If you are satisfied with how the file looks, then you can use this to upload to KDP. If there are problems, note where they are and go back to correct them. You can do this either by editing the HTML code or editing your epub file and reconverting.

You can load your Calibre files onto your Kindle or tablet (or other ereader) by syncing them viz USB.

Like Amazon or not, it is a major market for self-published authors and small presses. Take advantage of it and of all the tools it offers you.

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Book 1 in the Nocturnal Lives Series

Now for the promotional spiel. Nocturnal Origins (Book 1 of the Nocturnal Lives Series) can be purchased through Amazon. Nocturnal Serenade (Book 2) and Nocturnal Haunts (a novella set in the Nocturnal Lives world) can be purchased through Amazon, Barnes & Noble and the Naked Reader Press webstore. And, because I was rightly chastised by someone for not pointing this out, authors get a larger slice of the pie if you buy your copies from the NRP store. Finally, as always, there is no DRM added to any of the Naked Reader Press titles.

The Road to Digital Publication – Part 3

by Amanda S. Green

We’ve talked about formatting your manuscript, titles and some of the programs you might want to have on hand. Before we get into detail about the programs, let’s spend a few minutes talking about where you can self-publish your e-book. Yes, I know that sounds like I’m putting the cart before the horse, but knowing the programs — and what format they sale — will help you determine which route to conversion you’re going to take.

There are, in my opinion, three main outlets for the indie author and small publisher. They are Amazon, Barnes & Noble and Smashwords.

Smashwords is the old man in the group. For a very long time, it was the only place where authors who weren’t going the traditional route could publish their e-books. As with each of the sites that allow for indie authors and small publishers to list their e-books, there are strengths and weaknesses to the site. One of the strengths is that Smashwords does have a fairly extensive style guide to help you format your e-book to meet their guidelines. Smashwords also allows you to opt into their premium catalog (which does include more formatting requirements) and gives you access to stores such as Barnes & Noble, Apple, Diesel, Sony and Kobo. You’ll notice that I don’t have Amazon listed here. That’s because the two entities are currently “working to complete technical integration”.

The downsides to Smashwords can be frustrating. Because of how their review process is set up, it can often take several weeks to have a title approved for the premium catalog. Their “meat grinder” can also do odd things to a manuscript put through it for conversion. For example, one of the titles NRP put up, wound up having half the book capitalized after conversion. What that means is that you have to keep on top of the time it takes to go through the conversion process and then you have to check every format you’ve approved — and that can be as many as 10 files per title to be checked.

Another downside is the delay in payment. Smashwords pays quarterly. In and of itself, that isn’t too bad. But then you have to check to see if any of the outlets you’ve authorized distribution to pay quarterly as well. If they do, you payment for a sale may occur as much as six months after the date of sale. That also means you don’t have the up-to-date sales figures you can have through the KDP or PubIt programs that allow you to see your sales on a daily/hourly basis.

The biggest downside, in my opinion, is the format you have to upload to Smashwords for conversion – a DOC file. In fact, if you read the FAQ, you will see Smashwords actually recommends using an older version of Word (2003 or earlier), although later versions will work as long as you save as a DOC and not DOCX file. The problem with using a DOC file is you do have a lot of junk code and your formatting, picture placement, etc., can be altered in the conversion process. So, if you choose to use Smashwords, be sure to check each and every page of each and every file.

The newest addition to the three programs I listed is Barnes & Noble’s PubIt program. Unlike Smashwords that allows only the uploading of a DOC file for conversion, PubIt allows for TXT, HTML, DOC, DOCX and EPUB files to be uploaded. After you create your account with them, you can check their FAQ page for formatting recommendations for each of these file formats. My recommendation, since e-books sold through the PubIt program are sold in the EPUB format, is to upload your file as an EPUB. This allows you to have a better idea going in what it will look like after conversion. By doing so, I’ve had only a very few very minor issues to deal with after conversion.

Payment through the PubIt program is monthly — after a two month delay, iirc — and occurs only if you have earned a certain amount. This is pretty standard with all outlets. We’ll discuss contract terms of each program later on.

The time delay from uploading your file to publication on the BN.com site, is usually less than three days, although it may be slightly longer for your first title.

The downside to this program, imo, is the lack of a dynamic online community and support community. The other thing that I’ve noticed is that NRP has never been asked to confirm rights to “reprints” we’ve put out in digital format, something Amazon has done in all but one instance. As an author I appreciate the fact that Amazon has been vigilant in protecting another author’s rights. (And yes, we were able to prove we had the right to publish those e-titles.)

Then there is the elephant in the e-publishing world — Amazon. Unlike BN.com, e-books sold through Amazon are sold in the MOBI format.  Like PubIt, KDP (Amazon’s digital platform), allows you to upload your files in a number of different formats. I recommend using either the EPUB or MOBI formats. Personally, I upload the MOBI format since it will undergo the least amount of “conversion”. For those who are going to publish for the Kindle, check out Amazon’s new formatting guide, especially if you are going to be doing a graphics heavy title. You can find information here.

I know there are drawbacks to this program but they haven’t slapped me in the face yet and I can’t think of them right now. As with PubIt and Smashwords, you can choose not to apply DRM. (This is the biggest misconception I’ve come across. There are still a lot of folks out there who think DRM is automatically applied.). But the benefits of this program far outweigh the drawbacks, imo. The KDP program gives you access to the Amazon store and, if NRP’s sales are indicative, this is where most digital sales will be made. There is an active online community and support community. But the biggest advantage is their up-to-date sales reporting. It makes it a lot easier to spot sales trends than the other programs do.

That’s a long way of getting to programs. Based on these three publishing outlets, you need the following programs:

  • Word/Open Office/something similar
  • Sigil
  • Calibre
  • Photo editing program such as Photoshop, Gimp, Paintshop Pro, etc

Sigil is a WYSIWIG editor that lets you take your HTML filtered file from your word processing program and convert it into an EPUB file. It has a very easy to follow wiki instruction page that will walk you through how to build your e-book, including how to make sure you have an active table of contents. Because it is an editor, after you’ve previewed your e-book in a program like Adobe Digital Editions or Nook desktop — or you’ve checked it on your e-reader, you can open it back up in Sigil and make any corrections you need to

Once you have an EPUB file you like, you can import it into Calibre for conversion into MOBI or other formats. A note here, it is easier to get a clean conversion from EPUB to MOBI than the other way around.

Be sure to check each format in a native reader, whether it’s a desktop version of Nook or Kindle or the readers themselves. Do not rely on the preview features built into the conversion programs. Also, don’t rely exclusively on the preview features on the websites for KDP or PubIt. You need to see the files in the Kindle and Nook reader programs to get the best idea of how your e-book will look.

Sunday, we’ll continue the series with more on pricing, your contracts with Amazon/Smashwords/BN, etc., and I’ll try to finish up the general considerations. I foresee two more installments after that in the series. One for covers and one to go step by step from initial manuscript to e-book creation. So if there is something you want to discuss, make sure you leave a comment about it. (Pam, as for your comment earlier about blurbs, we’ll get to that in the next installment. In the meantime, there are rules from some of the “stores” that do require the legal language/copyright notices to be at the beginning of your e-book, no matter how long that e-book might be.)